Hello, I was asked this question by plenty of my juniors who are still perusing a Law Degree. They often ask me the same question that what is the difference between the Advocate/Vakil/Attorney/Solicitor&Barrister?
The meaning of this answer is very simple.
First Lets understand who is Vakil – Vakil is a simple person who just has qualified with a Law Degree from a recognized university. He doesn’t have any registration with any Bar councils or has qualified for an AIBE Exam. Yes, he can fight a case as a Vakil in the District Courts in India. According to THE ADVOCATES ACT, 1961 Section 32, which says 32. Power of court to permit appearances in particular cases.―Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, any court, authority, or person may permit any person, not enrolled as an advocate under this Act, to appear before it or him in any particular case.
Here any person doesn’t mean Vakil any person means anyone but he must have knowledge of Law.
The second Solicitor – The solicitor is the person who gives legal advice to the clients but he doesn’t appear in the courts.
Third Barrister – The Barrister is the person who only fights into the court as a Lawyer, Solicitor only consults the clients and then tells the barrister about the case history of their client then Barrister fights that particular case in the court.
Advocate/Attorney/Lawyer – In India, if the person is Law Graduate, Enrolled under any Bar Council, and had cleared the All India Bar Examination AIBE then He/She must be called as an Advocate/Lawyer/Attorney. Now Advocate plays the role of Solicitor as he gives advice to his clients and he fights the court case that means he also plays the role of Barrister.
Solicitor+Barrister = Advocate/Attorney/Lawyer
I hope with this article you must understand the role of Advocate/vakil/Lawyer/Attorney/Barrister/Solicitor