A First Information Report (FIR) may be a document prepared by police organizations once they receive information on a few criminal offenses. it’s generally a complaint filed with the police by the victim or by someone on their behalf, but anyone can write such a report either orally or by writing to the police. These rules are provided within the criminal law in India. Cognizable offenses are offenses like rape, murder, and accidents that required immediate actions. In the Indian Panel code, there are many Rape & harassment laws in India. FIR has serial no. , date of occurrence, time of occurrence, place of occurrence, contents of the complaint, etc. it’s impracticable for a policeman to mention that this crime isn’t happening in my police headquarters territory. in order that they should take necessary actions without considering the place.
Section 154 of The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 states about the legalities in registering an FIR.
154. Information in cognizable cases.
(1) Every information concerning the commission of a cognizable offense, if given orally to an official response of a police headquarters, shall be reduced to writing by him or under his direction, and be read Over to the informant; and each such information, whether given in writing or reduced to writing as aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and therefore the substance thereof shall be entered during a book to be kept by such police official in such form because the government may prescribe during this behalf.
(2) Duplicate of the information as recorded under sub-section (1) shall tend forthwith, freed from cost to the informant.
(3) Anyone aggrieved by a refusal on the part of an official in charge of a station house to record the information mentioned in subsection (1) may send the substance of such information, in writing and by post, to the Superintendent of Police concerned who, if satisfied that such information discloses the commission of a cognizable offense, shall either investigate the case himself or direct an investigation to be made by any policeman subordinate to him, within the manner provided by this Code, and such officer shall have all the powers of a politician in charge of the police headquarters in reference to that offense.
It is not necessary for the informer to present personally before the police for registration of FIR. The FIR is often recorded on Mobile or maybe through e-mail. anyone who may be a victim of an offense or a witness to any such offense or has knowledge about any such offense can file an F.I.R. In short, it amounts to putting the law into action by providing information to the commission of a cognizable offense to an official in charge of a police headquarters. This could be reduced into writing and may be read by the informant later. It should be signed by the person giving such information. it’s necessary to offer a replica of the primary information report as recorded by the policemen to the complainant also as informant freed from any cost.